17 Jun 2012

Papua Oh Papua



Papua oh Papua. Kata Ulil Abshar Abdalla, karena kita dulunya "menjajah" Papua, kenapa tidak dilepas saja? Faktanya, di Papua ada Tambang Grasberg, tambang emas terbesar di dunia dan tambang tembaga ketiga terbesar di dunia. Itu kalau data di Wikipedia layak dipercaya sebagai sumber informasi terkini soal Papua.

Masalahnya, selain itu kita hampir tak tahu apa-apa soal Papua. Padahal, katanya kita satu nusa dan satu bangsa dengan mereka. Banyak informasi justru disuplai oleh jurnalis asing (baik jurnalis sejati maupun aset, yang bekerja sama dengan badan intelijen), yang kini mulai disorot karena mereka dengan berbagai cara, katanya berupaya menyebarkan provokasi terhadap Papua. Agendanya: Papua Merdeka.

Kongkalikong jurnalis dengan badan intelijen bukan isapan jempol belaka. Silakan tengok situsnya Carl Bernstein berjudul The CIA and The Media. Ia adalah mantan wartawan Washington Post, yang membongkar sejumlah fakta mengenai kerjasama jurnalis dengan badan intelijen. Ada kerjasama yang diketahui para petinggi media, ada agen yang memang nyamar jadi wartawan atau penulis lepas, ada pula yang "dikontrak" khusus.

Tugas mereka sederhana, mengupdate badan intelijen itu dengan informasi. Jurnalis-jurnalis itupun bukan kelas ecek-ecek. Beberapa di antara mereka adalah para pemenang penghargaan Pulitzer. Enaknya memakai wartawan, kalau tertangkap mereka punya "kekebalan" tertentu karena mantera kode etik internasional dan isu hak asasi manusia.

Lalu, beredar "kabar burung" bahwa untuk "menjernihkan" berita yang keluar dari Papua, ada gagasan membuat semacam Clearing House (CH) di sana. Anggota forum ini adalah wakil dari Kemenko Polhukam, Kemenlu, Kemendagri, Kemenkominfo, Kemenparekraf, dan Sekretariat Negara. CH juga akan ada wakil dari BAIS TNI, BIN, Kejaksaan Agung, Ditjen Imigrasi, dan Mabes Polri. CH ini bukan gagasan baru, karena pernah jadi kebijakan Kemenlu.

Jauh sebelum bara itu makin terasa panasnya sekarang, jurnalis John Pilger dari Australia sudah pernah merilis berita yang menghebohkan. The Secret War Against The Defenseless People Of West Papua (2006), mungkin Anda pernah mendengarnya. Nama John pasti sudah tidak asing bagi yang doyan membaca keburukan TNI di Timor Timur (sekarang Timor Leste).

Papua Barat, sejak lama memang sudah membara. Ini kutipan dari artikel John:
Indonesia's brutal occupation of West Papua, a vast, resource-rich province - stolen from its people, like East Timor - is one of the great secrets of our time. Recently, the Australian minister of "communications", Senator Helen Coonan, failed to place it on the map of her own region, as if it did not exist.

An estimated 100,000 Papuans, or 10 per cent of the population, have been killed by the Indonesian military. This is a fraction of the true figure, according to refugees.

For over a year, an estimated 6,000 people have been hiding in dense jungle after their villages and crops were destroyed by Indonesian special forces. Raising the West Papuan flag is "treason". Two men are serving 15 and ten-year sentences for merely trying. Following an attack on one village, a man was presented as an "example" and petrol poured over him and his hair set alight.

When the Netherlands gave Indonesia its independence in 1949, it argued that West Papua was a separate geographic and ethnic entity with a distinctive national character. A report published last November by the Institute of Netherlands History in The Hague revealed that the Dutch had secretly recognised the "unmistakable beginning of the formation of a Papuan state", but were bullied by the administration of John F Kennedy to accept "temporary" Indonesian control over what a White House adviser called "a few thousand miles of cannibal land".

The West Papuans were conned. The Dutch, Americans, British and Australians backed an "Act of Free Choice" ostensibly run by the UN. The movements of a UN monitoring team of 25 were restricted by the Indonesian military and they were denied interpreters. In 1969, out of a population of 800,000, some 1,000 West Papuans "voted". All were selected by the Indonesians.

At gunpoint, they "agreed" to remain under the rule of General Suharto - who had seized power in 1965 in what the CIA later described as "one of the worst mass murders of the late 20th century". In 1981, the Tribunal on Human Rights in West Papua, held in exile, heard from Eliezer Bonay, Indonesia's first governor of the province, that approximately 30,000 West Papuans had been murdered during 1963-69. Little of this was reported in the west.

The silence of the "international community" is explained by the fabulous wealth of West Papua. In November 1967, soon after Suharto had consolidated his seizure of power, the Time-Life Corporation sponsored an extraordinary conference in Geneva.

The participants included the most powerful capitalists in the world, led by the banker David Rockefeller. Sitting opposite them were Suharto's men, known as the "Berkeley mafia", as several had enjoyed US government scholarships to the University of California at Berkeley.

Over three days, the Indonesian economy was carved up, sector by sector. An American and European consortium was handed West Papua's nickel;American, Japanese and French companies got its forests. However, the prize - the world's largest gold reserve and third-largest copper deposit, literally a mountain of copper and gold - went to the US mining giant Freeport-McMoran. On the board is Henry Kissinger, who, as US secretary of state, gave the "green light" to Suharto to invade East Timor, says the Dutch report.
Tidak ada yang baru soal bagi-bagi kekayaan Papua oleh negara-negara yang secara munafik lalu menuduh Indonesia melanggar hak asasi manusia. Di belakang semua aksi pelanggaran hak asasi itu, ada banyak darah yang menciprat ke tangan mereka. Tapi mereka pura-pura tidak tahu.

Kenapa kita harus pertahankan Papua? Secara ekonomis, kita butuh kekayaannya untuk negara. Tapi kalau rakyat Papuanya sendiri tidak bisa menikmati kekayaan itu, lalu apa gunanya? Seandainya, Papua menjadi negara bagian Freeport tapi rakyatnya bisa hidup sejahtera, kita (yang tinggal di luar Papua) mau ngomong apa?

Foto diambil tanpa ijin tertulis dari dumexpasaribu.wordpress.com

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